- GULF WAR SYNDROME -
Biological Black Magic
Already, more than
10,000 are dead and 250,000 are sick from Gulf War
What secret is so terrible (or embarrassing) that
necessitates a cover-up of the facts?
Extracted from Nexus Magazine, Volume 4,
#5 (August-September 1997).
PO Box 30, Mapleton Qld 4560 Australia.
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From our web page at:
©1997 by David G. Guyatt
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TRUTH IS THE FIRST CASUALTY OF
air raid siren went off." Former Royal Air Force Corporal Richie
Turnbull wheezed and coughed as he spoke. He is one of tens of
thousands of Gulf War veterans who have been diagnosed with a fistful
of illnesses attributed to service in the Gulf War. These include
emphysema, angina, asthma, arteriosclerosis, arthritis, short-term
memory loss, muscle wasting, cough syncope and numerous other
debilitating ailments. Before deployment to the Gulf, Turnbull was an
accomplished and superbly fit sub-aqua diver. Today, he walks with
the aid of canes, slowly.
With understandable pride he told me how he had
"proved Soames to be a liar three times". The reference was to the
former Conservative Minister of State for the Armed Forces, the
Honourable Nicholas Soames, MP. Many vets uncharitably call the
former minister "Fatty Soames", owing to his handsome girth. The
appellation reflects the seething contempt of an individual whom vets
regard as one of the principal architects of a monstrous
Turnbull was an RAF Senior Electrician in a
Nuclear, Biological & Chemical (NBC) unit and an experienced
instructor on NBC equipment. He was stationed at the giant military
base located at Dhahran on the night of 20 January 1991, when air
raid sirens began wailing madly. Incoming Scud missiles were detected
and a nearby US Patriot battery fired off intercept missiles. One of
the missiles downed the Scud which landed a mere 400 yards from
Turnbull. The impact left an eight-foot-deep crater but, curiously,
the giant ground-to-ground missile did not explode.
"All the nerve agent detectors sounded the
alarm," Turnbull recalls. As an NBC expert he ran three tests which
confirmed the presence of "G agent", otherwise known as Sarin-the
deadly nerve agent developed by the Nazis in World War II. Turnbull
ran a further three "residual vapour detector tests" which also
showed the presence of nerve agents. In all, he says, "thirty-three
items of equipment showed that chemical weapons had been
"NBC Condition Black" was sounded and everyone
on the base rushed to don their NBC "Noddy" suits. Incredibly, 20
minutes later an all-clear siren ("NBC Condition White") sounded and
troops removed their protective clothing accordingly. Twenty minutes
later "NBC Condition Black" sounded again, and remained in force for
a further eight hours.
Turnbull, who says he is "absolutely certain it
was a chemical weapon attack", is understandably angry. Sounding the
all-clear when nerve agents were shown to be present was, he says,
"the biggest cock-up in history". Hundreds of troops were needlessly
exposed to Sarin, he believes.2
Turnbull continues to be a thorn in the side of
Britain's Ministry of Defence (MoD) and the US Department of Defense
(DoD). Both maintain that chemical weapons were not intentionally
used by Iraq's Saddam Hussein. A spokesman at the MoD had earlier
told me that he was a Royal Navy officer and was "in theatre" during
the Gulf War. He went on to assure me personally that had the Iraqis
intentionally used chemical and biological (CB) weapons "we would
have retaliated in kind"-an allusion to US President Bush's threat to
retaliate with a nuclear strike if Saddam Hussein unleashed his
prodigious chemical armoury on coalition troops.
In the event, it was an empty
threat-old-fashioned political rhetoric dished out for the folks at
CHEMICAL ATTACK OR
Faced with mounting evidence of chemical
weapons exposure by coalition troops, both the British and US
governments belatedly acknowledge that chemical weapons dumps were
bombed, or otherwise destroyed, by coalition forces. They even
acknowledge that the resulting plume of toxic material, blown by the
wind, is likely to have exposed many thousands of coalition troops to
these deadly agents. In other words, it was an unforeseen accident.
This admission is known in intelligence parlance as a "limited
hangout"-a technique designed to show that they are now telling the
truth. They are not.
Pat Eddington, a former CIA intelligence
analyst, in his book, Gassed in the Gulf, scathingly uncovers the
institutionalised dishonesty within the CIA and the DoD over Gulf War
Syndrome (GWS).3 Reasonably, he argues that based on the increasing
number of vets prepared to speak of their experiences, it is clear
beyond all doubt that coalition forces came under a series of Iraqi
chemical and biological weapons attacks.4 Like Admiral Nelson placing
a telescope over his blind eye, then exclaiming he can "see no
ships", the Mandarins in Whitehall and Washington are wilfully blind
to what they don't care to acknowledge. Yet, the evidence is
Ray Bristow had served 20 years with the
Territorial Army. When not involved with his TA duties, Bristow was
an operating theatre technician at his local hospital. He was
mobilised on 27 December 1990, promoted to a Warrant Officer, and
sent to the 32 Field Hospital located at Wadi al Batin, just a few
kilometres away from the town of Hafar al Batin.5 On 19 January 1991
he and other personnel watched as a Scud missile roared overhead and
exploded in an airburst. He could clearly see a cloud of vapour
discharge from the Scud. The NBC alarms (known as NAIADS), scattered
around the base, wailed loudly, alerting the troops of "NBC Condition
Black". "We were Scudded," Bristow said, and the specialised
equipment detected the presence of chemical agents.6
Also present at Wadi al Batin that evening was
former Sergeant Shaun Rusling. Previously with 23 Para Regiment's 5
Airborne Field Ambulance, Rusling was an experienced Special Forces
medic. His duties were to attend to the sick and wounded of Britain's
One Armoured Brigade. This soon grew to encompass caring for other
coalition forces and Iraqi casualties, too. He watched the Scud
explosion and saw the cloud of vapour bloom overhead. He also
believes the unit came under artillery attack with rounds containing
Numerous boxes of 155-mm chemical ammunition
were secretly recovered by coalition troops in the Kuwait Theatre of
Operations (KTO) during the ground war and subsequent mopping-up
operations. Made in the USA, they had been supplied to Iraq via
Nor were Scud and artillery bombardments
isolated incidents. Terry Walker was a Corporal with the Royal Army
Ordnance Corp and detached to a "Forward Repair Group" of an armoured
workshop. He was present at Al Jubayl when two Scuds exploded above
them.8 No prior warning was sounded. This, he recalls, was "the worst
morning with two almighty explosions above the Port". Immediately
chemical detectors madly sounded "NBC Condition Black", and this was
"followed by sheer panic with hundreds of guys running for cover".
Walker hid among the rocks of the Port "for about four five hours".
Later, "an officer came along saying we've been hit with chemical
agents". The next day he and the other personnel on the base were
told the cloud vapour was nothing more than aircraft fuel leaking
from a damaged plane-an explanation he and the others disbelieve.
Aviation fuel does not trigger the NAIAD detectors. Today, Walker
suffers from a number of illnesses and strongly believes there has
been a massive cover-up. "My wife is ill and my little girl is ill,
too," he said during a telephone interview, then added that his
"medical notes from the RAF hospital have gone missing".
The Al Jubayl attack was also witnessed by
Sergeant-Major Paul Grant who commanded a team of Royal Army Ordnance
Corp specialists. In the early hours of 19 January 1991, Grant was
awoken by a distinctive overhead explosion. He is in no doubt
whatsoever that this was an airburst, not a ground explosion. NAIADS
detectors began sounding "NBC Condition Black". The first explosion
was followed by a second airburst explosion. Around the base
loudspeakers warned, "This is not a drill!" His story corroborates
those of other vets I have interviewed. However, Scud chemical
attacks were not limited to Al Jubayl.9
Yet despite this testimony, these and other
vets continue to be treated with official contempt. As recently as
January 1997, the Countess of Mar posed a parliamentary question in
the House of Lords which asked if the MoD had any "documentary
evidence of chemical warfare" in the Gulf conflict-a curious question
which was limited only to chemical attack. Questions regarding the
use of biological weapons remain unutterable. In his reply, the Earl
Howe stated that research conducted by the MoD "does not indicate any
confirmed use of chemical warfare agents during the conflict"-which
is an even more curious answer.
Who, conceivably, could confirm the use of
chemical weapons other than those trained soldiers present during a
chemical attack? Likewise, the tens of thousands of "detections"
triggered by chemical agent detectors throughout the conflict are
simply categorised as "alleged detections" which were "uncorroborated
at the time". Again, a careful and deceitful choice of
But behind the intentional use of chemical
agents by Iraq lurks a far more sinister story which hitherto has not
being told in any detail. Biological weapons, unlike chemical agents,
don't just kill on the battlefield: survivors returning home carry
with them the potential seeds of destruction. These, in turn, can
infect the families of Gulf War vets-a situation that is now
Importantly, the British and US governments
were well aware of the potential use of both chemical and biological
weapons by Saddam Hussein. They had, after all, supplied him with the
wherewithal to develop his ferocious CB armoury. This included
sophisticated equipment together with the necessary chemical
precursors and biological cultures.
This knowledge led the British and US
governments to vaccinate their troops with a 'cocktail' designed to
protect them against both chemical and biological attack. Vaccines
given to coalition troops included, amongst others, anthrax, botulism
and bubonic plague. Cultures for all three were supplied to Iraq by
the US Government during the middle/late 1980s for use in Iraq's CB
BIO-WEAPONS AND "THE SECRET
"British personnel were infected with anthrax
spores," spoke Angus Parker with quiet certainty. I had interviewed a
number of Gulf War veterans who recounted their experiences of coming
under CB attack from the Iraqis. All are angry and frustrated at the
stonewalling attitude of Britain's Ministry of Defence regarding
their numerous illnesses which fall under the catch-all banner of
Gulf War Syndrome. Eventually, one vet gave me a telephone number,
saying, "You should speak to Angus."
Initially, Angus Parker was cautious, but after
a few minutes he warmed to his story. Methodically, he first outlined
for me the existing Soviet battlefield doctrine associated with Scud
missiles armed with chemical and biological weapons. This is known,
Parker said, as "a mixed load". The Scud warhead would typically
consist of a deathly combination of explosives and chemical and
biological agents of mixed intensities. The quantity of explosives
would be small, but sufficient to ensure that the CB mixture would
form a wide vapour plume over the target.
A former soldier in the Territorial Army, Angus
Parker operated for a top-secret British unit. He has never before
gone on record with his story, but frustration mixed with growing
anger has led him to "blow this wide open".
Following the injection of 12 vaccines in one
morning, Parker suffered an adverse reaction. As a result he was
hospitalised and his deployment to the Gulf delayed. "I was left
behind and got out on the last days of the ground war," he said. This
and his civilian occupation as a technician in a haematology lab
resulted in his being attached to the 1st Field Laboratory Unit,
known as "The Secret Team". The unit "existed only once before in
World War I, but was mothballed until the Gulf War," Parker stated,
adding that when he returned from the Gulf he was told that "I was
not to disclose the nature or role of the team I was serving with".
So secret was the unit, he said, that "it does not appear in any
What Angus Parker has revealed is extremely
disturbing. The 1st Field Laboratory Unit was composed of 40 men
working in eight teams of five. It was deployed from Porton Down,
Britain's biological warfare headquarters. Parker, ranked Sergeant,
was second in command of one of the five-man teams. "As the
biological warfare reconnaissance team, we were sampling the
environment looking for biological weapons," he said, adding that
"this was difficult and hard to do. We could only identify four
agents: plague, anthrax, botulism toxin A and B-that's all." The
specialised equipment they had to work with to identify bio-weapons
was not very sophisticated.
Parker has confirmed that his unit found
numerous positive samples of biological organisms that couldn't be
analysed and identified on the battlefield. "Many, many more were
present" than the four they could identify. Positive samples were
collected and shipped in freezer units to Boscombe Down for analysis
by the Porton Down CB specialists.
Significantly, in addition to confirming that
his unit positively identified the presence of anthrax at Dhahran,
Parker also revealed that another team of the 1st Field Laboratory
Unit identified the presence of plague at Wadi al Batin.
Angus Parker has tried in vain to get other
members of his unit to come forward and speak openly, but they are
too scared to do so. "They're not sick and still have their jobs," he
Parker is not alone in revealing the use of
biological weapons in the Gulf War. US Marine Corps battlefield logs
released under the Freedom of Information Act confirm the findings of
Porton Down's "Secret Team". On 24 February 1991, the US Army's 513th
Military Intelligence Brigade confirmed the use of anthrax at King
Khalid Military City.15
However, like events in Britain, important and
potentially incriminating records have mysteriously gone "missing".
Two US Marines at Camp Pendleton, San Diego, have gone public to say
they observed "hundreds of records from the Gulf War being
destroyed".16 This and numerous other accounts of records being
"destroyed" and going "missing" can only lead to charges of a massive
US BIOLOGICAL ARMS TO
A 1994 Senate Report, entitled "Arming Iraq:
The Export of Biological Materials and the Health of Gulf War
Veterans", underscores the biological threat possessed by the Iraqis.
More often referred to as "the Riegle Report", named after its
author, Donald J. Riegle, Jr, the Report itemises biological cultures
supplied to Iraq by the US. Riegle and his team identified no less
than 61 batches of biologically hazardous materials exported to Iraq.
"Between the years 1985 and 1989, the United States Government
approved the sales of quantities of potentially lethal biological
agents that could have been cultured and grown in very large
quantities in an Iraqi biological warfare program," Riegle stated.
These included pathogenic materials, "which means disease-producing
items, and toxigenic, meaning poisonous items."17 The Report added
that "we were not able to get any records prior to 1985". Riegle then
included an extract from a Department of Defense summary report
written in 1992:
"By the time of the invasion of Kuwait, Iraq
had developed biological weapons. Its advanced and aggressive
biological warfare program was the most advanced in the Arab world.
The program probably began in the 1970s and concentrated on the
development of two agents, botulinum toxin and anthrax bacteria...
Delivery means for biological agents ranged from simple aerial bombs
and artillery rockets to surface-to-surface missiles."
Other biological agents provided by the US to
Saddam Hussein's biological warfare program included Histoplasma
capsulatum, which can cause symptoms resembling tuberculosis and lead
to the enlargement of the liver and spleen as well as anaemia and
skin disease-symptoms that many veterans now exhibit. Another
organism was Brucella melitensis, which, when 'weaponised', causes
chronic fatigue, profuse sweating and loss of appetite, joint pains,
insomnia and nausea, and can potentially result in major damage to
the vital organs. Again, these symptoms reflect the conditions
experienced by thousands of Gulf War veterans. In addition to the
foregoing, shipments to Iraq also included "E. coli and genetic
materials, human and bacterial DNA".18
Furious at the way the Department of Defense
has side-stepped these disgraceful issues, Riegle fired off a volley
of letters to various officials. One letter identified that the
"average cost" of each of the various biological specimens shipped to
Iraq was "less than $60.00" and that they were "acquired from a
Stories also circulating of a genetically
engineered organism being used in the Gulf War are paralleled by
stories from British veterans who also claim the use of a modified
mycoplasma organism. These vets include Angus Parker who had earlier
said it was "an infectious organism manufactured in the US". Oddly
enough, this is one of the enduring aspects of the "Octopus" story
involving engineered bio-organisms supplied to Iraq by the Wackenhut
Corporation, the giant US private-sector security company whose board
of directors reads like a roll call of military and intelligence
alumni. It is an allegation supported by US investigative journalist
Carol Marshall in her manuscript, "The Last Circle".20
Marshall has spent years investigating the
allegations of Michael Riconosciuto-a former CIA scientific whiz-kid.
Riconosciuto claimed that while working for the Wackenhut Corporation
at its Cabazon Indian Reservation facility he developed advanced and
genetically altered biological warfare agents. One such agent, he
alleged, was a "race-specific" organism, genetically engineered to
attack certain races or groups. Unleashed it could kill or render ill
all those of a particular ethnic group, leaving others entirely
Clearly, the possibility of genetically
modified bio-weapons having been used in the Gulf War cannot be
entirely ruled out.21
Significantly, in the US Army War College
publication entitled "The Revolution in Military Affairs and Conflict
Short of War" (dated July 25, 1994), authors Steven Metz and James
Kievit also discuss this touchy subject. On page 16 they state:
"Certain biotechnical weapons-considered by some to violate the
biological warfare convention to which the United States is a
signatory-also may transgress American values regarding appropriate
means." They go on to ask: "Could the government and military of this
multi-ethnic republic face charges that it was developing or using a
weapon targeting Africans, Jews Koreans, Hispanics, etc.?" The
authors then conclude that, "Overcoming these constraints...would
require fundamental changes in the United States-an ethical and
political revolution may be necessary to make a military revolution."
This, the authors "hypothesise", could be achieved by remodelling the
way Americans think, and also via the effective control of news
management using "advanced psychotechnology" and other techniques
such a "morphing".
If genetically engineered biological weapons
are now available, it is certain that there will have been developed
the necessary antidotes in the form of vaccines. All of the vets I
interviewed for this article spoke of the large number of vaccines
with which they were injected.
Shaun Rusling received 24 vaccinations over a
four-week period. Two of these vaccinations were classified secret,
and were "experimental", he believes.
Richard Turnbull got a dose of 13 inoculations in
just 10 minutes. Four of them were unidentified and classified
secret. He also believes them to have been experimental.
Ray Bristow was informed in a letter from
Brigadier McDermott of the MoD that some of his injections were also
classified. Later he was informed by the Surgeon General, Admiral
Revell, that this was not the case and that Brigadier McDermott's
statement was incorrect.
How many vaccines were classified secret? The
Surgeon General, Vice Admiral Revell, during a "behind closed doors"
meeting of Parliament's Defence Committee, was asked, "How many
vaccines do we not admit to?" He replied, saying, "I think probably
about five or six."22
All previously classified vaccines were
declassified on 10 December 1996, according to a letter dated 20
January 1997 from the Ministry of Defence. A spokesman at the MoD
confirmed this in a telephone call on Friday 30 May 1997, adding that
there were only three vaccines that had ever been classified. He told
me these were: anthrax, pertussis and plague. This statement is
confirmed in a letter to Shaun Rusling, dated 20 January 1997, in
which the MoD confided that "the vaccines you were given against
potential biological warfare threats were anthrax, pertussis (as an
adjuvant) and plague. These are the only vaccinations which have ever
been classified." This is a far cry from the testimony of Surgeon
General Revell in the closed-door hearings of the Defence Committee
in which he said there were "five or six" vaccines which were "not
I posed this discrepancy to the Ministry of
Defence. Surgeon General Revell's testimony before the Defence
Committee was "a misunderstanding", the MoD spokesman said. Despite
this "misunderstanding", the medical records of Corporal Richard
Turnbull clearly state that four vaccines-not three-were classified
Turnbull is not alone in this respect. Ray
Bristow's list of shots, including anthrax (batch no. 0190), plague
(batch no. 10H03A) and pertussis adjuvant (batch no. B1868a)-to name
just those three that were officially classified-also detail two
other vaccines labelled "biological". These are still classified
secret and their contents remain "unknown". The story is identical
for Shaun Rusling, even down to the same batch numbers of the
vaccines he received.23
The Surgeon General, Vice Admiral Revell,
stated in one letter that, "Unfortunately, medical record-keeping in
the Gulf was not as thorough as it should have been..." and, as a
consequence, details of certain vaccinations are now missing-a
position that remains the government's official line.
A number of veterans now believe they have been
used as unwitting guinea pigs and are deeply concerned at what
precisely may have been pumped into them. Once again, Porton Down's
Angus Parker dropped another bombshell. Patiently, he explained that
"the MoD has not been totally honest about the vaccines used against
us". I couldn't help but catch his use of the word "against" us
instead of "on" us. Clearly, he now considers the Ministry of Defence
and others in the Whitehall bureaucracy to be bitter enemies-and he
is by no means alone in holding that view. A few vets repeatedly
warned me that the "Security Services" are paying them close
attention. Some have had their phones tapped and others experience
peculiar mail delivery problems.
Meanwhile, Parker went on to reveal the
chemical structure of one of the apparently 'still not admitted to'
vaccines. "There is an experimental vaccine-an AIDS vaccine," he
said. This "has been around since approximately 1990." He went on to
explain that this vaccine contains two components. One component is
known as a "cytokine" which, Parker said, is an "immune potentiator".
It works like a "chemical messenger sent between different cells in
the body". When it detects a foreign organism, "it actually
stimulates a response by the human immune system" to fight and
hopefully destroy the alien organism present.
Parker's analysis of this component was
confirmed by a spokesman for London's Biochemical Society, who added
that it was "feasible" that cytokines could be "purified and cloned"
and used to fight "against any agent". The spokesman added, moreover,
that cytokines were very "hush-hush", were "cutting-edge technology",
and "logically" would have been "adopted by the military". They were,
she added, "experimental".
According to Parker, the second component
consisted of experimental HIV gene envelopes. He went on to explain
one of the basic problems with this experimental vaccine. Whereas
cytokines readily drop out of the body after awhile, "fragments" of
the HIV genes do not. Although there may have been "good operational
reasons" for topping up the vaccine with HIV genes, Parker
acknowledged that no one knows the long-term consequences. "It was
experimental," he emphasised, and had been originally developed by
Porton Down as an AIDS vaccine.24,25
The question of HIV gene envelopes was put to
the Biochemical Society's spokesman, who stated that these envelopes
"can be created to be specifically resistant to CBW". The spokesman
went on to explain that gene envelopes are effectively the "walls"
that surround the nucleus of each cell and are thus the first line of
defence against diseases-whether they be naturally acquired or as a
result of CB weapons attack. HIV gene envelopes are among the most
powerful and resistant known to science, she added.
Professor Beverley of the Edward Jenner
Institute for Vaccine Research could think of no theoretical reason
why HIV gene envelopes would be used other than to "stimulate a
response against HIV". He went on to speculate that had HIV gene
envelopes been used in a vaccine, logically this would only have
occurred as protection against a possible attack using HIV as a
bio-weapon. There was, he felt, no other conceivable reason, but
added that had such a vaccine been "given to Gulf War soldiers it
would have been speculative".
The picture that emerges is confusing. The use
of cytokines does have a rational explanation, for cytokines trigger
the body's immune system. As such, they could be an ideal general
vaccine for use in a CB warfare setting. However, the rationale
behind using HIV gene envelopes is less certain and considerably more
perplexing. Unfortunately, there is not enough detailed information
available in regard to the HIV gene envelopes to reach anything but a
Some weeks prior to my interview with Professor
Beverley, Angus Parker told me in a throwaway comment, "I don't even
want to get into AIDS as a weapon." At that time, nor did I.
Professor Beverley's certitude that this is the only conceivable
reason why HIV gene envelopes would have been used, leaves a sour
taste in my mouth.
However, for clarity's sake, I leave the last
word with Angus Parker. Told of Professor Beverley's theory, he
remained adamant that there was another reason why HIV gene envelopes
had been used. His information, he insisted, came directly from the
horse's mouth, and I am inclined to accept what he has revealed. At
the outbreak of the Gulf War there were not enough stocks of
cytokines to go around; thus, a decision was made to top them up with
the HIV gene envelopes which, he assured me, act in a very similar
fashion to cytokines in that they trigger the body's immune system.
Significantly, Professor Beverley confirmed this when he said that
"they do indeed trigger and regulate the way the body relates to
Clearly, Parker's revelations-if proved
true-are stunning.27 The secret use of an experimental vaccine on
British military personnel may be one of the most significant reasons
why the Ministry of Defence continues to stonewall vets about the
vaccines they received. To admit to involuntary human testing on such
a sensitive issue will lead to a public relations disaster of huge
proportions. As one ill vet told me, "I was ordered to volunteer" for
the shots. He now wishes he hadn't. The second potential reason
clearly opens a can of worms about the possible development of HIV as
a biological weapon.28
BUSINESS AS USUAL
But there are other equally powerful reasons to
keep the lid on the Gulf War Syndrome story. Pat Eddington, the
former CIA analyst, has no doubt that the principal reason for the US
Government's stonewalling tactic is to cover up the supply of CB
weapons to Iraq prior to the Gulf War. For the US Government to admit
to such cynical irresponsibility would result in public outrage,
Eddington also chastises the Senate whose
members selfishly refuse to act against the wishes of the Pentagon.
Their delinquency of duty has resulted in the side-lining of in
excess of 100,000 Gulf War veterans who now exhibit a range of
symptoms typical of chemical, and, in some cases, biological attack.
In this 'business as usual' scenario, Eddington also reserves some
powder and shot for the major media who are largely willing to
accept, at face value, the cloying PR handouts from the Department of
Hopelessly abandoned by one and all, many
thousands of vets have now died as a result of their chemically
inspired battle injuries, adding even more incentive to the Pentagon
to continue the cover-up.
But in the final analysis, the reasons
surrounding the British and US governments' disgraceful obfuscation
are many. Certainly, the prior supply of CB weapons to Iraq is enough
to make many government officials quake with the fear of disgrace. It
is a similar rationale that continues to eclipse the illegal use of
experimental, unlicensed and highly sensitive drugs. Not least,
however, is the knowledge that defence against chemical and
biological weapons attacks is utterly shambolic. Pat Eddington states
that CBW protective suits and gas masks are: "...(a) notoriously
defective, and (b) in very short supply-two problems that have yet to
be corrected more than six years later." He adds, "That's not
something the Pentagon wants to advertise to the likes of
Hashemi-Rafsanjani, Kim Jong Il or Colonel Qadhafi."29
Yet few can doubt that the intelligence
services of Iran, North Korea or Libya are already aware of the
published shortcomings of American and British CBW protective
equipment. A more significant fear may be the realisation inside the
Pentagon and the Ministry of Defence that their own troops will be
less than willing to wade into a future CB battle zone virtually
Armed only with an uncertain dose of HIV but
the certain knowledge that-thanks to the grace of greed and military
commercialism-those chemical and biological organisms you are about
to inhale and absorb have "made at home" stencilled all over them,
would you volunteer for military service?
About the Author:
Born in England, David Guyatt is a freelance
investigative journalist whose former career as an executive in
international banking and finance provided the background that
inspired his research into the shady world of international weapons
financing, narcotics trafficking and money laundering.
He has worked with the International Committee of
the Red Cross on weapons-related projects; the charity pressure-group
World Development Movement on British arms financing; and the leading
British TV documentary program, World in Action.
David Guyatt's current research interests include
military/ intelligence mind-control programs and non-lethal weapons
systems, as well as the hidden influence of elitist groups around the
1. The CB attack on Dhahran on 20 January 1991
is confirmed in US CENTCOM battlefield logs obtained under FOIA.
Delivery was via a Scud missile.
2. Telephone interview with this writer, dated 12
3. Eddington, Pat, Gassed in the Gulf, Insignia
Publishing Co., Washington, DC, USA, 1997 (http://www.InsigniaUSA.com)
4. Eddington convincingly argues - based on
captured Iraqi documents - that chemical and bio-warfare agents
were used in non-lethal doses. This explains why coalition troops did
not keel over and die immediately. Iraqi CB doctrine was to use low
but repetitive doses, which they calculated would produce greater
long-term damage, Eddington says.
5. US CENTCOM logs confirmed a later Scud attack
on Hafar al Batin on 14 February 1991.
6. Telephone interview with this writer, dated 13
7. Telephone interview with this writer, dated 13
8. The Al Jubayl incident is the most
comprehensively documented case of CB attack by the Iraqis. Records
obtained under FOIA indicate that Scuds were not used. Delivery of
the CB weapon was almost certainly as a result of aircraft
penetration, possibly a Russian-manufactured Sukhoi SU-22 Fitter
9. Telephone interview with this writer, dated 15
10. Parliamentary Q & As in this writer's
11. A total of 55 incidents have been recorded to
date by US CENTCOM logs. CB attacks began on 17 January 1991 and
continued throughout the ground war in all major sectors.
12. See Report by Senator Donald J. Riegle to the
US Senate, titled "Arming Iraq: The Export of Biological Materials
and the Health of Gulf War Veterans", dated 9 February 1994. Bacillus
anthracis cohn and Clostridium botulinum type A cultures were shipped
on 2 May 1988. In all, Riegle was able to identify no less than 61
biological cultures supplied to Iraq between 1985-89. Some of these
included human gene clones.
13. Telephone interviews with this writer, dated
13 and 14 May 1997.
14. I have been given a copy of an MoD written
statement regarding the 1st Field Laboratory Unit which states: "We
can confirm that this unit operated in the Gulf. Its primary task was
related to the detection of biological warfare agents, of which there
was a real and compelling threat. As part of their work they were
monitoring the effectiveness of the biological immunisation
15. Bernstein, Dennis, "Gulf War Syndrome Covered
Up", Covert Action
Quarterly, no. 43, Winter
17. "Riegle Report", p. 3.
18. op. cit., p. 5.
19. Donald J. Riegle's letter to William Perry, US
Defense Secretary, dated 9 February 1994.
20. Carol Marshall's manuscript, "The Last
Circle", running to 140 pages, is a comprehensive investigation into
the so-called "Octopus".
21. Significantly, the International Committee of
the Red Cross (ICRC) is concerned about the development of "genetic
weapons" and fears that "the possibility exists for their misuse for
political ends". The ICRC warns that developments of
gene/race-specific weapons may or could be taking place. See "Expert
Meeting on Certain Weapon Systems and on Implementation Mechanisms in
International War", ICRC, Geneva, Switzerland, July 1994.
22. A copy of this memorandum is in my
23. The only difference is that Rusling received a
hepatitis B jab, whereas Bristow received hepatitis A. In all other
respects their lists of vaccines are identical - including two
that remain classified.
24. Parker states that he has received
confirmation of the use of the HIV gene vaccine from a well-placed
and extremely knowledgeable source, whom he is unable to
25. I understand Porton Down denies any
involvement in HIV research, but see notes below.
26. I couldn't help but note the use of the
plural - a usage that seems inconsistent with his otherwise firm
statement. It had taken me two days and numerous phone calls before I
was finally able to make contact with Professor Beverley. I had been
given his number by an individual working in the field of immunology.
Unbeknownst to me at the time, this individual had contacted Porton
Down, revealing the interest and direction of my questions - a
fact she revealed the following day when I phoned back with an
additional question. Meanwhile, Angus Parker was told, via a
circuitous route, that the MoD was very "displeased" with him for
talking to me. A paranoid may well consider that two days "in the
world of shadows" is a very long time indeed.
27. They also raise the question of why Britain's
top-secret bio-warfare lab is involved in developing an AIDS vaccine.
The possibility that AIDS has been 'weaponised' - apparently a
technical possibility - is an old and largely discounted story
attributed to a Cold War disinformation campaign.
28. Perhaps a 'red herring'?
29. Correspondence with this writer.
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